Paul Josephson is a specialist on the former Soviet Union and the place of big technology in the modern world. He is the author of nine books and many articles – including a history of the fish stick. He teaches history and history of technology at Colby College. He focuses on technology and democracy and how large scale technological systems nearly always have irreversible human and environmental costs. Paul’s field research has taken him to Siberia, the Russian Arctic, and Amazonia, and he has stood on the number 2 block of the Chernobyl reactor.